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Understanding Glycation: Causes, Prevention, and Treatment

Understanding Glycation: Causes, Prevention, and Treatment

Glycation is a natural process that occurs within our bodies, but when it becomes excessive, it can contribute to various health issues and accelerate the ageing process. In this blog post, we will explore the concept of glycation, its causes, and most importantly, how to prevent and treat it effectively.

What is Glycation?

Glycation is a chemical reaction that takes place between sugars (glucose, fructose) and proteins or lipids in our body. This reaction forms advanced glycation end products (AGEs), which can cause damage to various tissues and organs.

Causes of Glycation

  1. Diet: Consuming excessive amounts of sugar and high-glycemic foods can increase the risk of glycation. Processed foods, sugary beverages, and desserts are particularly high in sugars that promote glycation.
  2. Ageing: As we age, our bodies become less efficient in regulating glucose levels. This can lead to increased glycation and accumulation of AGEs over time.
  3. Diabetes: Individuals with diabetes often experience higher blood sugar levels, which can significantly contribute to glycation. Poorly controlled diabetes can further exacerbate this process.
  4. Smoking and alcohol consumption: Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption generate free radicals in the body, which can enhance the production of AGEs.

Prevention of Glycation

  1. Balanced Diet: Always aim for a balanced diet that includes whole foods, lean proteins, fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Minimise your intake of processed foods, sugary snacks, soft drinks and alcohol.
  2. Glycemic control: Monitor and regulate your blood sugar levels if you have diabetes or insulin resistance. Consult with your healthcare provider for guidance on appropriate medication, diet, and exercise to maintain stable blood glucose levels.
  3. Cooking methods: Choose gentle cooking methods such as steaming, baking, and boiling over high-temperature frying or grilling. This can help reduce the formation of AGEs in your food.
  4. Antioxidant-rich foods: Include foods high in antioxidants such as berries, green leafy vegetables, nuts and seeds in your diet. Antioxidants help neutralize free radicals and reduce the formation of AGEs.
  5. Supplements: Certain supplements like pyridoxamine, carnosine and benfotiamine have shown promise in inhibiting glycation. However, consult with a healthcare professional before starting any supplements.

Treatment of Glycation

  1. Skincare: AGEs contribute to skin aging, leading to wrinkles and loss of elasticity. Using skincare products containing antioxidants, retinol, and peptides can help reduce the appearance of AGE-related damage.
  2. Medications: Some medications like aminoguanidine and alagebrium chloride (ALT-711) have been studied for their ability to break down AGEs and slow down the progression of glycation-related diseases. However, more research is needed to establish their efficacy.
  3. Lifestyle changes: Quitting smoking and moderating alcohol consumption can help reduce glycation and its associated health risks.
  4. Anti-glycation agents: Certain natural compounds like carnosine, alpha-lipoic acid, and resveratrol have been shown to possess anti-glycation properties. Including these compounds in your diet or taking supplements under professional guidance may be beneficial.


Glycation is a complex process that can have significant implications for our health and ageing. By adopting a balanced diet, managing blood sugar levels, and incorporating healthy lifestyle choices, we can reduce glycation and its negative effects. It is essential to consult with healthcare professionals for personalized advice and treatment options. Remember, prevention is key in maintaining optimal health and well-being.


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